Preventing and treating acne

Preventing and stopping acne requires a combination of good skincare practices, a healthy lifestyle, and, in some cases, medical intervention. Here are some tips to help prevent and treat acne.


1.   Maintain a consistent skincare routine


Use a gentle, non-comedogenic (won’t clog pores) cleanser twice daily to remove dirt, oil, and makeup.


Exfoliate your skin 1-3 times per week to remove dead skin cells, but avoid over-exfoliating, as it can irritate your skin.


Use a non-comedogenic moisturiser to keep your skin hydrated, even if you have oily skin.


2.   Avoid touching your face

Touching your face can transfer bacteria and oil to your skin, exacerbating acne. Keep your hands away from your face as much as possible.


3.   Use non-comedogenic products

Look for skincare and makeup products labelled as non-comedogenic to minimize the risk of clogging pores.


4.   Dietary choices

    Limit dairy and high-glycemic foods

Some studies suggest that dairy products and high-glycemic foods (e.g., sugary and processed foods) may contribute to acne in some individuals. Reducing the consumption of these items could help.

    Eat a balanced diet

Consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains for overall skin health.


5.   Hydration

Drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated and flush out toxins.


6.   Stress management

High stress levels can exacerbate acne. Practise stress-reduction techniques like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises.


7.   Regular exercise

Exercise can improve blood flow and reduce stress, which may help improve your skin.


8.   Avoid harsh skin products

Avoid harsh scrubs and astringents that can irritate your skin and make acne worse.


9.   Sun protection

Use sunscreen daily to protect your skin from harmful UV rays. Some acne medications can make your skin more sensitive to the sun.


10. Don’t squeeze or pop pimples

Popping pimples can push bacteria deeper into the skin and lead to scarring. Instead, consider spot treatments with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.


11. Consult a dermatologist

If your acne is severe or not responding to over-the-counter treatments, consult a dermatologist. They can prescribe stronger medications, such as topical or oral antibiotics, retinoids, or hormonal therapy, tailored to your specific needs.


12. Follow medication instructions

If you’re prescribed acne medication, follow your dermatologist’s instructions carefully. Some medications may take several weeks to show results.


13. Acne scarring

If you have acne scars, discuss treatment options with your dermatologist, such as laser therapy, chemical peels, or microneedling.


Remember that acne treatment can take time, and it may require some trial and error to find the right products and routines for your skin type. Be patient and consistent in your efforts, and consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice if needed.