SKINCARE

Get To Know Your Skin Type

Skincare products can often be expensive, making it essential to ascertain your skin type before investing in any product.

As a teenager embarking on my skincare journey, I initially believed I had oily skin due to the oiliness in my T-zone, particularly on my forehead and nose. Consequently, I would opt for skincare products tailored for oily skin, unaware that these were excessively drying out my skin and triggering breakouts on my cheeks. In an attempt to address these breakouts, I used acne gel which inadvertently exacerbated the dryness and damage to my skin. I finally realised, early into adulthood, that I might actually have combination skin.

I began gravitating towards products and ingredients to hydrate my skin, essentially to reverse the dryness and damage on my skin, and I must say that Hyaluronic Acid has become my holy grail. I swear by it! But more on that next time 😉

In this article, we will delve into identifying your skin type and understanding how to respond to your skin’s unique needs!

 

There are 5 primary types of skin: oily, dry, normal, combination and sensitive skin. 

Oily skin appears shy and greasy, particularly in the T-zone which includes the forehead, nose and chin. Enlarged pores, acne, blackheads and whiteheads are common issues associated with oily skin.

How to treat oily skin? 

Despite producing excess oil and sebums, oily skins still require moisture and hydration. The key is to find products that hydrate your skin without clogging your pores or triggering breakouts. Be careful of skincare products or ingredients that can dry your skin excessively.

Dry skin appears dull, feels rough, and may be flaky or scaly. It often feels tight and dehydrated. Dry skin may exhibit visible fine lines and be prone to itching.

How to treat dry skin?

Look out for hydrating products containing ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and ceramides. While dry skin needs “water”, avoid excessive face washing and stick to a regular twice-a-day cleansing routine. Opt for moisturising products that are fragrance-free, alcohol-free and non-comedogenic. 

Normal skin is neither too dry nor too oily. It is not prone to acne, greasiness, or tightness. Normal skin types generally require low maintenance as they are less susceptible to sensitivity. 

How to treat normal skin?

Despite being “normal”, don’t neglect your skin! It still requires proper care. Be sure to maintain essential skincare routines with cleanser, moisturiser, and sunscreen.

Combination skin features both dry and oily areas, commonly with the t-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) being oily and the cheeks being dry or normal. This skin type can be influenced by different weather conditions – being extremely oily in the heat and feeling extremely dry when it’s cold weather. 

How to treat combination skin?

Take note of the specific areas that are dry and oily. Be careful about using products that could excessively dry out or exacerbate oiliness in certain areas. This typically requires you to customise your daily skincare routine accordingly. Refer to the guides on treating both oily and mentioned above for tailored advice. 

Sensitive skin often appears red and is easily prone to burning or itching. This skin type is vulnerable to irritants that can be triggered by various factors including certain ingredients, fragrance, and environmental elements.

How to treat sensitive skin? 

It’s crucial to identify the factors that trigger your skin sensitivity. Pay attention to specific ingredients and be wary about what comes in contact with your face such as your pillowcase or unwashed hands. Minimising exposure to potential irritants can help manage your skin’s sensitivity.

 

With that said, it’s important to recognise that each skin type has it’s own unique characteristics and specific needs, thus, methods of care and results will vary. By understanding your own skin’s needs, you can then make informed decisions and provide tailored care for healthy skin!